Crop Genebank Knowledge Base

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Terms used on the Crop Genebank Knowledge Base.

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Term Definition
Sequential germination test

A series of discrete seed tests in which the decision to further test seeds or stop the test depends upon the cumulative result.

Sexual reproduction

The production of new individuals


The CGIAR's System-wide Genetic Resources Programme (website)

Silica gel

An inert chemical that absorbs water from its surroundings and will give up this water by evaporation when heated.


A dry dehiscent elongate fruit composed of two carpels separated by a seed-bearing partition.

Simple sequence repeat

(SSR) A synonym used for microsatellites.


System-wide Information Network on Genetic Resources (website)

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

(SNP) A molecular marker technique to detect changes in a single nucleotide position.

Single Primer Amplification Reaction

(SPAR) A techniques related to ISSR analysis that uses a single primer containing only the core motif of a microsatellite.


Safe movement of germplasm

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Sources for this glossary: IPGRI Tech. Bulletin 10: Molecular markers for genebank management and Seed handling in genebanks training course
Glossary open source software by M. Brampton

International Agricultural Research Centres who worked together to make this site possible:
Africa Rice Center | Bioversity International | CIAT | CIMMYT | CIP | ICARDA | ICRISAT | IFPRI | IITA | ILRI | IRRI |

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