Crop Genebank Knowledge Base

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Terms used on the Crop Genebank Knowledge Base.

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Term Definition

A trademark term for a high throughput closed tube assay to detect specific sequences in PCR products.

Template DNA

The ???template??? DNA that is used for the initial reaction of a molecular marker analysis.

Tetrazolium test

A test for viability in which moist seeds are soaked in a solution of triphenyl tetrazolium chloride.


The process of beating plants with a machine or by hand to separate the seeds.

Tiling strategy

The detection of allelic variation at genes of known basic sequence by hybridization tests on microarrays using large series of sequence-overlapping probes.


A recognizable quality or attribute resulting from interaction of a gene or a group of genes with the environment.


Genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the introduction uptake and expression of foreign DNA.


A gene used in transformation (see transgenic plants).

Transgenic plants

Plants that have been genetically engineered using recombinant DNA techniques for new characteristics. Transgenic plants are produced by adding one or more genes to a plant genome using a process called transformation.

Sources for this glossary: IPGRI Tech. Bulletin 10: Molecular markers for genebank management and Seed handling in genebanks training course
Glossary open source software by M. Brampton

International Agricultural Research Centres who worked together to make this site possible:
Africa Rice Center | Bioversity International | CIAT | CIMMYT | CIP | ICARDA | ICRISAT | IFPRI | IITA | ILRI | IRRI |

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