Crop Genebank Knowledge Base

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Terms used on the Crop Genebank Knowledge Base.

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Term Definition

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (website)


The Food and Environment Research Agency UK.

Field collection

A collection of germplasm maintained as living plants???germplasm that would otherwise be difficult to maintain as seed is commonly maintained in field collections.

Fluorescent labeling

The labeling of probes or primers with fluorescent tags in order to enable detection of variation in DNA fragments.


A dry single-celled many-seeded fruit consisting of a single carpel dehiscing by the ventral suture.

Functional diversity

Genetic diversity as assessed by variation in transcribed regions of the genome that is known to be associated with a biological function.


A stalk by which an ovule or seed attaches itself to the fruit wall.

Sources for this glossary: IPGRI Tech. Bulletin 10: Molecular markers for genebank management and Seed handling in genebanks training course
Glossary open source software by M. Brampton

International Agricultural Research Centres who worked together to make this site possible:
Africa Rice Center | Bioversity International | CIAT | CIMMYT | CIP | ICARDA | ICRISAT | IFPRI | IITA | ILRI | IRRI |

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